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Two dams on the Danube, 4 reactors, hydrogen and renewable energy plants by 2053.

The energy strategy envisages unfreezing the “Gorna Arda” project and fixing the “Chaira” PAVETS

Two centuries on the Danube provides the developed by

the team of Energy Minister Rosen Hristov’s energy development strategy until 2053, “24 Chasa” learned. The document will be officially presented today.

The first plant, which will have a capacity of 840 megawatts and will be near Nikopol – Turnu Magurele, has studies and evaluation. Meetings were also held with the energy minister of Romania. Next month, a memorandum will be signed between the two countries for the project, and its construction will last at least five to six years. According to Hristov, this plant will be very efficient because it will work with a high load. At the same time, another bridge will be built over the Danube between Romania and Bulgaria.

The second power plant is planned to be at Silistra, but studies are yet to be carried out there.

The new energy strategy also states

continuation

of the megaproject

“Upper Arda”

The project was unfrozen in 1998, a year later the first sod was made. After the bankruptcy of “Ceylan Holding”, which was named by the Turkish side as a participant, at the end of 2008 the Austrian company EVN and “Alpine Bau” bought the shares.

In September 2009, “Hydroenergy Company “Gorna Arda” was designated as an investor in the cascade. In 2010, a shareholder agreement was signed between NEK and EVN, with the Austrians holding 70% of the joint venture.

According to the project, three dams were to be built, each with a capacity of 170 megawatts. However, in February 2017, the Austrians froze the project.

Now Hristov claims that EVN wants out of the project and will be replaced by the state or another investor will be sought.

The restoration of the Chaira PAVET and its expansion with the Yadenitsa dam is also included in the strategy.

The document also provides

4 new ones

nuclear blocks –

two at the site in Belene and two at the Kozloduy NPP. “The question is whether to use the current equipment or sell it. But our consumption analyzes show that there is a need for such capacities. Because we rely a lot on green technologies, but we need base capacities as well as capacities for electricity storage”, Hristov points out.

Coal plants are scheduled to be phased out in 2030, 2035 and 2038, respectively. The same will happen with mines. The lands in the “Maritsa-East” mine will be offered for reclamation to investors, but there have been no applicants yet. According to the minister, there would be a return if large capacities of photovoltaics were built there.

In the field of natural gas, the strategy envisages an increase in the capacity of the Bulgaria-Greece gas connection from 3 to 5 billion cubic meters.

In electricity transmission, the capacity of transmission lines with Turkey will be increased, as well as a corridor for the transmission of current through Romania and Slovakia to Hungary.

A reduction in electricity consumption by domestic consumers is expected thanks to the remediation. An increase in consumption is expected in industry as more and more businesses move away from natural gas and switch to electricity.

The production of hydrogen, which is expected to gradually replace gas, will also require additional power generation capacity. The third segment that will lead to greater electricity consumption is the electrification of transport.

We have analyzed how much consumption is increasing in order to satisfy it, says the minister.

On Tuesday, Rosen Hristov invited all interested parties – employers, trade unions, MPs, representatives of the energy business, to the discussion of the energy strategy project. The minister believes that an agreement must be reached on what will be done in the next 30 years, because energy projects are long-term and need continuity. And he gives an example – if the Belene NPP will not be built, what will these capacities be replaced with.

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