Putin’s Rasputin pulling the strings of the war in Ukraine

Putin’s Rasputin pulling the strings of the war in Ukraine

The books of the behind-the-scenes leader Dugin are required reading for Russian soldiers

Putin’s Rasputin or Putin’s brain – this is what the international press often calls Alexander Dugin when talking about his multi-layered personality, which obviously has a special place in the heart of the Kremlin master.

Recently, Washington Post columnist David von Drele added a new definition – he called it “de facto.”

the author of Ukrainian strategy of Putin”

Dugin does not hold an official position in the government, but rather has influence as a former academic and former editor-in-chief of Tsargrad TV, a network known for its fervent support of both Putin and the Russian Orthodox Church. He avoids directly naming the specifics of his relationship with the Russian president, but his language and rhetoric have long been adopted by the Kremlin.

One example – his use in 2013 and 2014 of the term “Novorosiya” (New Russia), which was aimed at the territories of eastern Ukraine claimed by Moscow, was later reflected in Putin’s propaganda about the occupation of Crimea.

Called a philosopher, mystic, political analyst and fascist.

Dugin is seen by many observers as the man who has had a decisive influence on Putin’s perceptions of what Russia’s place in the world should be. And they are convinced that his views had a key influence on the decision to invade Ukraine.

Probably because of his appearance – his shaggy long beard, some say that he is also physically the double of the enigmatic and highly controversial Rasputin, adviser to the last Russian Tsar Nicholas II. Hence Putin’s nickname Rasputin.

The master of the Kremlin often tries to legitimize his invasion of Ukraine by invoking the idea of ​​a religiously colored clash of civilizations: Eurasia against the West.

For Putin, Moscow is the “third Rome”,

the spiritual and cultural successor to the Roman and Byzantine empires, the center of distinctly anti-European dominance, powerful and authoritarian enough to withstand the supposed threats of liberals – modernity, multiculturalism and progressive values. Its absolute goal is traditionalism. The ideas propagated precisely by Alexander Dugin.

He was born in 1962 into a high-ranking Soviet family.

It’s his father officer of the military

intelligence Gained national fame in the 1990s as a writer for the far-right Den newspaper. His 1991 manifesto, The Great War of the Continents, set out his vision of Russia as “eternal Rome” pitted against the individualistic, materialistic West: “eternal Carthage”.

In the early 1990s, he co-founded the National Bolshevik Party with the controversial punk-pornographic novelist Eduard Limonov,

mixing fascist and communist-nostalgic rhetoric

and images. The party’s flag was a black hammer and sickle in a white circle on a red background – a communist mirror image of the swastika.

However, he broke through with the 1997 book “The Basics of Geopolitics: The Geopolitical Future of Russia.” It became so popular that supermarkets sold it at their checkouts. Dugin there lays out a vision for dealing with the West that now seems all too familiar: using disinformation and soft power to “provoke all forms of instability and separatism” in the US, including through

abetment of racial and political voltages,

while strengthening nationalism and authoritarianism at home.

In 2002, he founded the far-right Eurasia Party, which was “welcomed by many in the Putin administration,” as Russian analysts Anton Barbashin and Hannah Thoburn note.

The foundations of neo-Eurasianism are based on the belief that the world has “land and sea powers” and that Russia, as a major land power, should have control and influence over all of Europe and Asia.

Perceives the USA as one of the main enemies. Another of his beliefs is that the Russians have a divine right to expansion.

His writings proclaim a paranoid worldview that calls for Ukraine to be swallowed up by Russia, which will control everything “from Vladivostok to Dublin.”

According to Marlene Laruel, director of the George Washington University’s Institute for European, Russian and Eurasian Studies, Dugin’s theories are something the Russian military should learn during their training at the academies.

Dugin is supposed to be economic

supported by the billionaire Constantine Malofeev,

who is on the board of directors of the Russian television channel Tsargrad. Malofeev has been sanctioned by the US, the EU and Canada, and the Ukrainians have accused him of creating a paramilitary group, for which he is currently on an international wanted list.

The goals in Dugin’s works are clear – the restoration of a powerful, authoritarian Russian state and the internal disintegration of Russia’s enemies, especially the liberal West. As he himself argued in “Fundamentals” and its sequel from 2009 – “The Fourth Political Theory”, the modern world order should be understood as a fierce battle between the forces of “human rights, anti-hierarchy and political correctness” represented by the “Atlantic ” Americans and Europeans, and the distinctly “Eurasian” Russian culture, which is still capable – unlike the sclerotic West – of honoring the main supports of human life: God, tradition, community, ethnicity, empires and kingdoms.